Latin Name: Piper nigrum
Common Name: Black Pepper
Botanical Name: Piper nigrum
Botany: Dark green leaves; white flowers and red fruits adorn this climbing vine-like shrub. Originally a forest plant, Black Pepper thrives best in the shade. It naturally grows to over twenty feet, often needing support. However, these days it is cultivated to just twelve feet.
History: A very old and highly revered spice, used in India over 4,000 years ago; mainly for urinary and liver disorders and probably for cholera and dysentery as well. The root word comes originally from the Sanskrit “pippali,” changing to the Latin “piper.”
Plant Part: Fruit
Extraction Method: Steam distilled
Cultivation Method: Ethically farmed
Fragrance: Pungent, spicy, herbaceous, sharp, woodsy
Color of Oil: Clear
Keyword: Warming and Stimulating
Note: Top-Middle Note
Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Cypress, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lavandin, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Marjoram, Palmarosa, Rose, Rosemary, Sage, Sandalwood, Spruce, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang
Therapeutic Benefits - Mind: Black Pepper is warming, stimulating, and energizing. It dispels anger, exhaustion, fatigue, and frustration. Black pepper also helps concentration.
Therapeutic Benefits - Body: Black Pepper is analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-toxic, antispasmodic. It is a circulatory stimulant and rubefacient that is good for cramps, fever, flu, bruises, hernia, anemia, and chilblains. Black Pepper when combined with Rosemary relieves muscular aches, joint pain, sprains, and rheumatoid arthritis. Black Pepper also works on the digestive system as a laxative and diuretic.
Therapeutic Benefits - Spirit: Black Pepper opens the base chakra. It is used in meditation and enhances courage and physical energy.
Chemical Constituents: alpha-pinene, beta-caryophyllene, sabinene, thujene
Common Adulterants: Rarely adulterated
Application Method: Dilute 10 drops in 1 oz carrier oil, massage oil, or lotion and apply to skin. Use 4 drops in 2 cups of hot water for a steam.
Warnings: May irritate skin – always dilute. Too much can over stimulate the kidneys.
Color Energy: Red - Stimulating